NEW ERA INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF INTERDISCIPLINARY SOCIAL RESEARCHES ISSN: 2757-5608

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IMPORTANT MESSAGES FROM ARCHAEOLOGISTS ABOUT ZONGULDAK REGION PUBLISHED IN RECENT YEARS

This International Congress is held in Zonguldak in the Turkish Republic. A year ago I was in Zonguldak participating in the previous International Congress. My topic was about Queen Nefertiti. She was not born in the kingdom called Kimet situated in the lawlands of the famous river the Nil, as the public at large think. Instead, she was born in the kingdom called Mitanni that was situated rather near area where modern city Zonguldak is. Now I shall overview the publication of Tim Clyden and the recent publication made by Professor Seth Richardson about the culture of the population that lived near Zonguldak some 3850 years ago. The aim of my presentation is to urge scholars to use Proper Names of geographical regions, kingdoms, rivers and personal names exactly as they are written in ancient documents that the researchers write about. This will help readers to ubderstand the texts of the publications better in the difficult sphere such as the Ancient History of the Black Sea Coastline Contries – being of prominent importance at this International Congress in Zonguldak. The area that I wish to consider now was called the kingdom “Acad” . It was situated near the famous rivers Puranunu and Idigana. River Puranunu is frequently called by the name Euphrates, while the river Idigana is now frequently called Tigris in modern scholarly publications/literature. I shall overview the publication of Tim Clyden and the recent publication made by Professor Seth Richardson about the culture in the kingdom called “Acad” situated near the famous rivers Puranunu and Idigana. River Puranunu is frequently called by the name Euphrates, while the river Idigana is now frequently called Tigris in modern scholarly publications/literature. Clyden has published his research several years ago. He overviewed interesting aspects of the culture in ancient Mesopotamia. He considered the data of the texts carved on clay tablets in the cuneiform Acadian language. He wrote about king Kurigalzu”s times but mentioned his kingdom not as Kardunias – as the king called himself in his writings, in documents, but by other names that were used much later. Seth Richardson has published a research not long ago about the importance of the use of wine in ancient Mesopotamia in Acad, in Mari kingdom. He did not mention the name of the kingdom called Kardunias in ancient times. I shall talk about Nickolas Postgate that has printed the map of the ancient Mesopotamia at Oxford in 1966. One copy of that large multicolored map. Is in Tbilisi; It was available to be acquired at Oxford during an International Congress in History twenty years ago. A participant from Tbilisi – Professor Paata Ramishvili brought a copy of that map and now it is displayed on the wall of the room situated in the fifth building Corpus of the University in Tbilisi in Georgia/Sakartvelo functioning since 1918. That room is made beautiful by Professor Nino Samsonia. She teaches the Sumerian language, the Acadian language and the history of the ancient Mesopotamia there. She copied ancient documents made in cuneiform script on the walls of that room as she studied painting at the Academy of Arts in Tbilisi before she became a student at the University in Tbilisi.



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